I recently acquired these photographs, which give an insight into the early days of Zimbabwe and how the country was ‘won’.
The Maxim gun is prominent in several. As Hilaire Belloc put it: “Whatever happens, we have got,The Maxim gun, and they have not.”
|Lord H Paulet[i]||Marquess of Winchester|
|Lady H Paulet[ii]||Distributed prizes Convent School, Salisbury|
|Harry White[iii]||Son of Lord Annaly,suppressed Matabele uprising|
|Charlie White[iv]||Participated in the Jameson raid, as commander Mashonaland Mounted Police|
|Captain Bulkeley-Johnson[i]||Educated at Harrow School and graduated from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. On 5 February 1887 he was commissioned into the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)|
|Capt Villiers[ii]||Officer in Jameson Raid|
|Capt Bernard Rhodes[iii]||Brother of Cecil|
|Fleming[iv]||Probably Charles David Fleming, served throughout the Matabele Rebellion|
|Captain Spreckley[v]||Commander ‘C’ Company Salisbury Horse, part of Salisbury column in 1893. Participated in Boer war.|
|Capt White||CC of Police, identified above|
|Capt R. White[vi]||Captain the Hon. Robert ‘Bobby’ White arrived as well. Robert was commissioned in the Royal Welsh Regiment. Robert became Chief Staff Officer to his brother and Commissioner, Henry. Jameson raid|
|Hon. H. White||See above|
|Lord Annaly||Brother of Whites|
|Hon. C. White
|Hon. R. White
“Matabele Warrior” [man in full war regalia with headdress, spear and shield. Others sit in background with cooking pot]
A propaganda photograph to indicate how tough the opposition was that the whites were fighting?
“Volentar-Corps und freundliche Matabeles”. Volunteer Corp and friendly Matabele.
Thirteen white men on horseback, armed, in front. Dozens of Matabele, and some white men, again armed in sandbagged positions, behind them.
“Gefangene Haeuptlinge”. Captured chiefs.
Four men in rear and two women in front sit on ground. The men have manacles on their legs and are chained together.
[i] The son of Francis Bulkeley-Johnson, he was born in 1867. He was educated at Harrow School and graduated from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.
On 5 February 1887 he was commissioned into the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys), and he was promoted Lieutenant on 16 March 1889 and Captain on 13 June 1894. He served in the Egyptian Army from January 1899 to January 1903. He participated in the Nile Expedition. He also participated in operations that resulted in the defeat of the Khalifa, when he was in command of a squadron of cavalry during the Battle of Umm Diwaykarat on 25 November 1899 (mentioned in despatches 25 November 1899). On 19 August 1911, at 43 years of age, Bulkeley-Johnson was appointed as the CO of the Royal Scots Greys. On 23 November 1914 he was promoted to the GOC of the 8th Cavalry Brigade of the 3rd Cavalry Division and he commanded this brigade until his death.
On 11 April 1917, during the Battle of Arras, British infantry were pinned down in front of the village of Monchy under very heavy machine-gun fire from the north ridge of Scarpe. The brigadier was mortally wounded and died at age 49 in Monchy-le-Preux, France. His burial site is the Grouy-en-Artois Communal Cemetery Extension
[ii] Major Charles Hyde Villiers (Captain, Royal Horse Guards).
One of the officers in the Jameson Raid. The following information is taken from the 1930 book, ‘The Jameson Raid’ by Hugh Marshall Hole.
[iii] Brother of Cecil Rhodes.
Bernard Maitland. The youngest, and according to Cecil, the laziest. “Ah, yes! Bernard is a charming fellow; he rides, shoots and fishes; in fact, he is a loafer.” He also served in the army during the Anglo-Boer war. He was born in 1861 and died in 1935. From: Kimberley Calls and Recalls on Facebook By Steve Lunderstedt
[iv] Probably Charles David Fleming. This entry from The Anglo-African Who’s Who and Biographical Sketchbook, 1907
“Fleming, Charles David J. P., of Gwelo, Rhodesia, is son of rev. John Fleming, of Edinburgh, where he was born Sept. 15, 1869; was educated at the Edinburgh Acad. And Univ. and joined the B.S.A. Co’s service, Oct. 1985. He served throughout the Matabele Rebellion in 1896 (medal), and was appointed Mining Commissioner at Gwelo April 1, 1899. He married, June 3, 1903, Lily, youngest dau. of the late Donald Mackenzie, J.P., of Gaislock, Rossshire.”
[v] A lot of material: Spreckley: Rhodesiana, No. 20, July 1969, The Derby Mercury, 29 August 1900
[vi] See note on Whites above.
[i] Possibly the 16th Marquess of Winchester (but could be the 15th, since Henry Paulet only inherited the title in 1899
[ii] Lady Henry Paulet, 1894, or earlier. Mentioned as having distributed prizes at the Convent School, Salisbury, on page 78 “In God’s White Robed Army,” by a Dominican Sister. She was “Afterwards Marchioness of Winchester,” – letter from Dr. Rand to Mr Marshall Hole dated 19/11/1932 in possession of Mrs Boggie.
[iii] White Brothers
Lieutenant the Hon. Charles White was the first of three brothers to arrive in Rhodesia. Their grandfather, a bookseller’s assistant in Dublin, won £20,000 in a lottery and used the money to acquire a peerage. Their father was an MP in the House of Commons.
Charles arrived at Ft Tuli on 15 June 1891, now an officer in the British South Africa Company Police (BSACP). Charles was commissioned in the 7th Royal Fusiliers in 1881, where he attained the rank of captain. His peerage connection meant he was promoted over others in the BSACP, and on 1 July, was placed in command of the garrison at Ft Tuli. Early in 1892, Rhodes and Jameson formed the Mashonaland Mounted Police out of the volunteer Mashonaland Horse. Charles was brought up from Ft Tuli to command the 150-strong force as Chief of Police. Rank of captain. Charles joined the Salisbury Column under Major Patrick Forbes as chief of scouts in the Matabele War of 1893.
For reasons unknown, Charles was replaced as Chief Commissioner of Police by his elder brother, Major the Hon. Henry Frederick White. Henry was commissioned in the Grenadier Guards. Henry had arrived in the country in early 1895.
A third brother, the youngest, Captain the Hon. Robert ‘Bobby’ White arrived as well. Robert was commissioned in the Royal Welsh Regiment. Robert became Chief Staff Officer to his brother and Commissioner, Henry. These senior appointments were orchestrated in the B.S.A.Co boardroom by Rhodes, who favoured political influence.
In October 1895, Rhodes managed to have a strip of land along his rail line through Bechuanaland proclaimed a territory of his company. Dr Jameson was appointed Resident Commissioner and Robert White as magistrate. At this time Jameson moved police forces from Mashonaland and Matabeleland to Petsani, in preparation for the Jameson Raid. Robert, as Chief of Staff, was sent to Cape Town where he recruited members of the Duke of Edinburgh’s Own Volunteer Rifles, ‘the Dukes’ for the raid. Still with their unit’s kit, the men were sent straight to Pitsani.
Jameson placed Henry in overall charge of the now titled Rhodesia Mounted Police for the raid, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Robert went on the raid still as Chief of Staff.
Early in January 1896, Jameson was overwhelmed by Boer forces before he reached Johannesburg. Robert and Henry White were taken prisoner.
The prisoners were all shipped to London to stand trial. Robert White was sentenced to seven months with hard labour, and henry White to five months. Robert and Henry were dismissed from the British Army, but their commissions were restored in recognition of meritorious service. Henry was Mayor of Bulawayo 1899–1900. Henry would later become Brigadier General the Hon. H.F. White CB, CMG, DSO. Charles distinguished himself during the Matabele and Mashona rebellions. There appear to be no further records of Robert later in life.
Source: Gibbs, P., & Phillips, H., The History of the British South Africa Police 1889–1980, Something of Value Publishers, Australia, 2000.
The following information is taken from the 1930 book, ‘The Jameson Raid’ by Hugh Marshall Hole.
Mashonaland Mounted Police
In command: Lieutenant Colonel Honourable Henry Frederick White (Major, Grenadier Guards).
[iv] White, Capt. Hon. Charles James, of the Naval and Military Club, is the son of Lord Annaly, K.P. He was born June 14, 1860, at Rabeny, Co. Duvlin, and was educated at Eton. He joined the Royal Fusiliers, 1881, and served at home and in India till 1890, when he proceeded to S. A., and was appointed to the B.S.A. Co’s Police with several Extra Service Officers, at the time when Col. Ferreira and a commando of Boers attempted to cross the Limpopo and occupy Banjailand. From this they were dissauaded by Dr. Jameson. From 1891 to Jan., 1892, he was in command of the Depot and Remounts at Tuli, Matabeleland. On the reduction of the Police Force, he was appointed Asst. Mining Commissioner and then Mining Commissioner at Hartley Hill. He also served as Resident Magistrate and Chief Commissioner of Police, retaining the latter appointment from Nov., 1892, to Sept., 1895. He reorganised the police from their former military position into a civil body. Capt. White took part in the expedition to Matabeleland in 1963. He was in command of the combined scouts of the Victoria and Salisbury Columns, and was present in all actions until the occupation of Bulawayo (medal and clasp). He retired from the regular army in 1894. He took part in the suppression of the Matabele Rebellion first as Staff Officer to Col. Spreckley, C. M. G., and then in command of White’s Flying Column at the reliefs of Salisbury, Hartley Hill, and Enkeldoorn (medal and clasp). Since 1895 Capt. White has been connected with several business undertakings in Rhodesia. He married, Dec. 11, 1901, Evelyn, dau. of F. B. Bulkeley Johhnson.
Source: The Anglo-African Who’s Who and Biographical Sketchbook, 1907
By Walter H. Wills, Reprinted Jeppestown Press, 2006